Signs of Prediabetes in Adults: Beware!
Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels are high but not yet in the diabetes range. For the vast majority of people, prediabetes eventually progresses to full-blown diabetes if it’s not reversed. If you’re concerned that you may have prediabetes, there are a few things you can do to check for it and get started on treatment. In this blog post, we will discuss the warning signs of prediabetes in adults and what you can do to prevent it from progressing.
What is Prediabetes?
Prediabetes in adults is a condition in which blood sugar levels are high but not yet out of the normal range. It is a precursor to type 2 diabetes and can be caused by a wide variety of factors, including diet, weight, and genetics. If left untreated, prediabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes over time.
Some of the most common signs include:
1. Higher than normal blood sugar levels despite healthy eating habits;
2. Regular highs and lows in blood sugar levels;
3. Periods of extreme hunger or overeating followed by periods of not being able to eat at all;
4. Frequent urination due to increased thirstiness or fatigue;
5. Increased use of insulin or other diabetes medications.
The Symptoms of Prediabetes
Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Prediabetes can develop over time and may lead to type 2 diabetes if left untreated. The symptoms of prediabetes vary from person to person but may include: fatigue, weight gain, increased appetite, increased urination, and difficulty concentrating. If you have any of these symptoms, it’s important to see your doctor for an evaluation.
How to Test for Prediabetes
If you are over age 20, have a family history of diabetes, or are obese, your doctor may recommend that you test for prediabetes. Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. If left untreated, prediabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes.
There are several ways to test for prediabetes. Your doctor may suggest one or more of the following tests: fasting blood sugar level (FBS), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), or a 2-hour glucose tolerance test (GTT).
The FBS is the most common test used to diagnose prediabetes. It is done by having you fast overnight and then measuring your blood sugar levels before and after eating. The HbA1c is a measure of how long it has been since your blood sugar levels went up. The GTT measures how well you control your blood sugar after drinking a sugary drink.
If you have prediabetes, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and reducing calories, exercise, and alcohol intake.
There is currently no cure for prediabetes, but there are treatments that can help manage the condition. Treatment goals for prediabetes vary depending on the person’s age, health history, and other factors. However, some general goals include losing weight if you have prediabetes and reducing your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Treatment guidelines for prediabetes may include:
• Losing weight if you are overweight or obese: If you have prediabetes, losing weight can help improve your blood sugar control and reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Weight loss may also reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke, and other chronic conditions. Talk with your healthcare provider about how to lose weight if you have prediabetes.
• Reducing calories: Eating fewer calories can help you lose weight and improve your blood sugar control. You may need to talk with a healthcare provider about specific calorie restrictions if you have prediabetes.
• Eating healthy foods: Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, and fish (especially omega-3 fatty acids) to promote good blood sugar control and reduce your risk of chronic diseases.
• Exercises: Exercise can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. Start by doing moderate exercise 30 minutes a day five days a week followed by 30 minutes more on days six through ten. As you become more fit, increase the time spent exercising.
If you or someone you know is struggling with prediabetes, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible. Prediabetes, especially in adults, is a serious condition that can lead to type 2 diabetes if left untreated. Early intervention can prevent many complications down the road. Monitoring your blood sugar levels is key to identifying this condition early. So, make sure to keep track of your results and take action when needed. Thank you for reading!